This originally stone stronghold of the noblemen of Janovice, protected by a moat, was gradually converted into a manor house in the Renaissance style, becoming the seat of the Votice branch of the counts of Vrtba in the 17th and 18th centuries. The last major reconstruction occurred in the mid 19th century, when the château received its current, neo-gothic look.
The château has belonged to the National Museum for over 40 years. It offers several permanent displays: “Society in 19th Century Bohemia”, presenting life in Bohemia during this period; “Rilke, Kraus and Vrchotovy Janovice”, acquainting visitors with the family of the last private owners of the estate, and in particular with the person of Sidonie Nadherna; and the “Czech Bellfoundry” display, guiding visitors through the history of bell making in the Czech lands. A visit to the estate may be concluded in the ancient landscaped park around the château.